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50lb paper: Paper that weighs 50 pounds per ream. Suitable for non-illustrated books or books with a little color.

70lb paper: Paper that weighs 70 pounds per team. It is more opaque than 50lb. Suitable for books with a lot of color, such as children's books.

Acknowledgements: A page in a book for the author to mention and thank everyone who supported the book's creation. It appears after the last page of the last chapter.

Author bio: A page or pages in a book that briefly summarize the author's life and previous works. It appears after the acknowledgements.

Back matter: Material at the back of a book, after the main text.

Barcode: Machine-readable image of a book's ISBN.

Binding: The format into which a book is assembled.

BISAC: A globally-accepted system for categorizing books.

Bleed: The print area outside the trim size of a book.

Blurb: A brief description of a book, used for marketing purposes.

Body matter: The main part of a book including all chapters.

Book block: The area on a book page that contains the text.

Case wrap: A hardcover binding method. The cover design is printed onto stiff cover boards.

Chapters: The basic units of a book. They divide up the story, or separate the ideas.

CMYK: A color model used in color printing. Abbreviation for cyan, magenta, yellow and key (black).

Copyright page: A page in a book that contains bibliographic information — such as notes from the publisher, a copyright notice, statement of the rights of the author, and the publisher's name and contact details. It appears on the reverse of the title page.

Consignment: An arrangement to supply books to a retailer and only receive payment for the books that sell.

Dedication: A page in a book for the author to name someone or some people who the book is dedicated to. It appears after the copyright page.

Digital cloth binding: A hardcover binding method. The cover design is printed onto a removable jacket and a digital image with the look and feel of cloth is printed onto the cover.

Distribution: Making books available to wholesalers, retailers and readers.

Edition: Copies of a book printed from substantially the same interior.

Embedding: A way of including file information within a file itself. For example, including font files within a PDF.

End matter: see Back matter

Epilogue: A section of a story that comments on what has happened, wraps up loose plot points, or lays hints for a sequel. It appears after the last chapter.

EPUB: An eBook file format. It is the mostly widely supported format, used by most retailers other than Amazon.

Endnotes: A list of notes, numbered and arranged in a way that a reader can connect them to where they are mentioned inside the chapters. It appears after the last chapter.

Fixed layout: A less-common eBook format where the pages are strictly designed, and text and images stay where the author intended no matter the device they are viewed on.

Flash fiction: A work of fiction under 500 words.

Font: A member of a typeface family. For example, regular, italic or bold.

Foreword: An introduction to a book, not written by the author. It appears after the table of contents, and before the prologue or introduction.

Format: The shape, size or appearance of a book.

Front matter: The very beginning of a book, and the information you find there.

Gutter: The section of a book page that leads into the binding.

Half-title page: The very first page in a book, coming before the title page. It has the title of the book only, with no subtitle.

Ingram: A major book distributor.

Introduction: A brief explanation of a book's topic. It appears before the first chapter.

ISBN: A unique 13-digit number that identifies a specific edition of a paperback book, hardcover book or eBook.

JPG: The most common image file format. It is popular for displaying complex photographs or images with a lot of color data.

Margin: The space on a page between the text and images and the page edge.

MOBI: An eBook file format. It is used exclusively by Amazon.

Offset printing: Printing technology where ink is transferred from a roller to a printing surface, and then to a page.

On-sale date: The date when a book may be sold by bookstores or circulated by libraries. It can be after or on the publication date.

Orphan: A first line of a paragraph that appears by itself at the bottom of a page.

Novel: A work of fiction over 40,000 words.

Novella: A work of fiction 7,500 to 40,000 words long.

PDF: A document file format. All formatting and styling is preserved within a PDF, making it for anyone to view and print.

PDF/X: A subset of PDF. A PDF/X file follows a set of rules and restrictions created with the goal of consistent and predictable print results.

Perfect binding: A paperback binding method. Pages and cover glued to the spine.

Pixel (px): The smallest single part of a digital image. A short form of “picture element”.

PNG: A newer image file format that supports transparent backgrounds. It is popular for displaying digital images.

PPI (Pixels Per Inch): A measure of image resolution. The number of individual pixels in one inch of an image.

Preface: An introduction to a book, written by the author. It appears after the table of contents, and before the prologue or introduction.

Preliminary pages (prelims): see Front matter

Pre-order: The period between the publication date and on-sale date. Bookstores and libraries can receive copies but must hold them until the on-sale date is reached.

Premium color: A high color quality printing method. It's ideal for children's book, recipe books, and graphic novels. More vivid color results over standard color printing for a greater cost per printed page.

Print on demand: A method of publishing in which books are printed only when orders are placed.

Prologue: A section of a story set before the main action. It appears before the first chapter.

Proof: A copy of a book or book cover produced so it can be checked by the publisher or author.

Publication date: The date a book is first available to bookstores and libraries. It can be before or on the on-sale date.

Reflowable: The most common eBook format. Also called "standard format". You can resize the font or change the viewing orientation and the text will re-organize itself.

Resolution: The detail an image holds. Also, the number of pixels contained within an image.

Return: An unsold book that is returned to the publisher.

RGB: A color model used for electronic images. Abbreviation for red, green and blue.

Royalty: A percentage or fixed proportion of a book’s sale price that is paid to the author.

Standard color: An economical method of full color printing. It's ideal for books that combine text and images.

Title page: A page in a book that shows the title, subtitle (if any), author's name, and publisher's name and logo. It appears after the half-title page.

Trim size: The size of a book's pages after the paper has been trimmed.

Typeface: A family of related fonts. For example, Times New Roman or Verdana.

Typesetting: Arranging the interior of a book so it is ready to print.

Widow: A word or last line of a paragraph that appears by itself at the top of a page.

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